Marikultur (Mudana Budha, 2005)

January 2005, I Wayan Mudana Budha (originally from Nusa Penida) presented his Magister thesis to Udayana University (Denpasar, Bali), on marine activities (Marikultur) on the north coast of Nusa Penida, amongst many others seaweed production and fishery, and the effects these activities have on the local economy and the environment, in particular coastal abrasion.

Sustainable Seaweed Farming (Malaihollo 2015)

"From Ropes and Sticks to Shorts and Trips, researching the role that tourism can play in the lives of the seaweed farmers of Nusa Penida, Bali, Indonesia in a locally perceived sustainable way” is a 2015 university thesis by Shimona Malaihollo, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Malaihollo looks at ways for sustainable seaweed farming in Nusa Penida and the role it plays in changing climatic circumstances and renewed tourism. Malaihollo's thesis has been adpated to enhance readability.

Seaweed farming (Mika, 1990)

Below article on seaweed farming by anthropologist Gusti Anom Mika (Udayana University Thesis, 1990) 'Budidaya rumput laut, suatu proses adaptasi dan implikasinya dalam kehidupan sosial ekonomi dan ritual masyarakat desa Ped, Kecamatan Nusa Penida, Kabupaten Klungkung, Propinsi Bali, suatu kajian antropologi', deals with the adaptations faced by the local population of the village of Ped, on the north coast of Nusa Penida regarding the shift from traditional to seaweed farming.

Bioethanol (Karta, 2012)

I Wayan Karta, in a S2 Magister thesis at Udayana University (Denpasar - Bali, 2012), discusses the production of bioethanol from the alga Codium geppiorum and the pivotal role of (activated) limestone from Nusa Penida in this process.

Seaweed farming (Eiseman, 1986)

Fred B. Eiseman Junior, in below article, describes in minute detail the history of seaweed farming in Bali. He makes mention of the most important species of seaweeds, discusses the technicalities of the way seaweed is farmed, the way it is processed, and gives an overview of the (multinational) companies, the Indonesian Government and research bodies that have attributed to the 'art' of seaweed farming, leading up to the year 1986, when this  economic activity was to prove such a vital source of income for the inhabitants of the coastal regions of Nusa Penida. 

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